Photo of Groucho Marx Groucho Marx

The heavy-browed, cigar-wielding comic genius known as Groucho Marx was born Julius Henry Marx on Oct. 2, 1890, in New York City. It was his mother, Minnie Schoenberg -- who came from a famous vaudeville family -- who launched Groucho and his brothers Chico, Harpo, Gummo and Zeppo into show biz.

The Marx Brothers made their first film, The Cocoanuts, in 1929, a result of their stage success. In the '30s, they made a series of outrageous comedies that became classics: Animal Crackers, Monkey Business, A Day at the Races, Horse Feathers and their two greatest, Duck Soup (1933) and A Night at the Opera (1935).

As the popularity of the Marx Brothers films waned, Groucho moved on to solo success as a radio and TV entertainer, hosting the long-running hit "You Bet Your Life," which showcased his talent for ad lib. He made film appearances through 1968's Skidoo, and died on Aug. 19, 1977.

Groucho Marx in Duck Soup

Duck Soup

1933 NR

Thanks to the patronage of well-heeled widow Mrs. Teasdale (Margaret Dumont), Rufus T. Firefly (Groucho Marx) becomes dictator of the tiny country of Freedonia. But when the ambassador of the bordering nation of Sylvania declares his love for Mrs. Teasdale, Firefly declares war. The Marx Brothers are at their sidesplitting best in this raucous political satire, in which Chico, Harpo and Zeppo co-star as spies and counterspies.

  • Groucho Marx in A Night at the Opera A Night at the Opera
  • Groucho Marx in Horse Feathers Horse Feathers
  • Groucho Marx in A Night in Casablanca A Night in Casablanca
  • Groucho Marx in A Day at the Races A Day at the Races
  • Groucho Marx in Animal Crackers Animal Crackers
  • Groucho Marx in Monkey Business Monkey Business
  • Groucho Marx in Go West / The Big Store Go West / The Big Store
  • Groucho Marx in The Cocoanuts The Cocoanuts
  • Groucho Marx in Room Service / At the Circus Room Service / At the Circus
  • Groucho Marx in Love Happy Love Happy
  • Groucho Marx in Skidoo Skidoo
  • Groucho Marx in Marx Brothers: Inside the Marx Brothers Marx Brothers: Inside the Marx Brothers
  • Groucho Marx in Marx Brothers: Marx Brothers: "You Bet Your Life" Pilot
  • Groucho Marx in Double Dynamite Double Dynamite
  • Groucho Marx in Groucho Marx & Redd Foxx Groucho Marx & Redd Foxx
  • Groucho Marx in Hollywood's Classic Comedy Teams Hollywood's Classic Comedy Teams
  • Groucho Marx in Marx Brothers: Radio Days Marx Brothers: Radio Days
  • Groucho Marx in Marx: You Bet Your Life: Lost Episodes Marx: You Bet Your Life: Lost Episodes
  • Groucho Marx in You Bet Your Life You Bet Your Life
  • Groucho Marx in Marx Brothers: Papa Romani Marx Brothers: Papa Romani
  • Groucho Marx in Marx Brothers: Marx Brothers Mixed Nuts Marx Brothers: Marx Brothers Mixed Nuts
  • Groucho Marx in The Early Days of the Automobile The Early Days of the Automobile
  • Groucho Marx in The Dick Cavett Show: Hollywood Greats The Dick Cavett Show: Hollywood Greats
  • Groucho Marx in Slapstick, Too Slapstick, Too
  • Groucho Marx in Lipstick & Dynamite Lipstick & Dynamite