Malle's first solo effort was the 1957 thriller Frantic; his next movie, The Lovers (1958), contained graphic erotic content and established the director's reputation for courting controversy. Part of the French new wave movement, Malle tackled other taboo topics with A Very Private Affair (1962) and The Fire Within (1963).
His American film debut came in 1978 with Pretty Baby, followed in 1980 by the acclaimed Atlantic City, for which he received an Oscar nod as Best Director; his later works continued to push the envelope, including 1992's Damage. Married to actress Candice Bergen since 1980, Malle died Nov. 23, 1995, in Beverly Hills, Calif.
As World War II rages on, two students at a boarding school form an unlikely friendship. Although the boys begin as adversaries, they find common ground, especially when it becomes clear that one is merely trying to survive the tyranny of the Nazis.