Photo of Luis Buñuel Luis Buñuel

Often referred to as the father of cinematic surrealism, director Luis Bunuel was born Feb. 22, 1900, in the Aragon region of Spain. While studying at the University of Madrid, he became friends with painter Salvador Dali, poet Federico Garcia Lorca and other Spanish artists.

Bunuel entered the film world with a bang in 1929 with the 17-minute Un Chien Andalou, a collaboration with Dali that shocked audiences with its image of a woman's sliced eyeball. Bunuel, a Jesuit-educated atheist, followed this with his first feature, L'Age D'Or, which many saw as a scathing attack on the Catholic Church.

In 1967, Bunuel began a partnership with producer Serge Silbermand and writer Jean-Claude Carrie that would result in his greatest films, including Belle de Jour (starring Catherine Deneuve), The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie and That Obscure Object of Desire. Bunuel died July 29, 1983.

Luis Buñuel in The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie

The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie

1972 PG

In Luis Buñuel's deliciously satiric, Oscar-winning masterpiece, an upper-class sextet (Fernando Rey, Paul Frankeur, Delphine Seyrig, Stéphane Audran, Bulle Ogier and Jean-Pierre Cassel) sits down to dinner but never eats, their attempts repeatedly thwarted by a vaudevillian mixture of events both actual and imagined. Perhaps his greatest film, Buñuel's absurdist view of the upper class is a timeless satire about consumerism and class privilege.

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