Photo of Luis Buñuel Luis Buñuel

Often referred to as the father of cinematic surrealism, director Luis Bunuel was born Feb. 22, 1900, in the Aragon region of Spain. While studying at the University of Madrid, he became friends with painter Salvador Dali, poet Federico Garcia Lorca and other Spanish artists.

Bunuel entered the film world with a bang in 1929 with the 17-minute Un Chien Andalou, a collaboration with Dali that shocked audiences with its image of a woman's sliced eyeball. Bunuel, a Jesuit-educated atheist, followed this with his first feature, L'Age D'Or, which many saw as a scathing attack on the Catholic Church.

In 1967, Bunuel began a partnership with producer Serge Silbermand and writer Jean-Claude Carrie that would result in his greatest films, including Belle de Jour (starring Catherine Deneuve), The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie and That Obscure Object of Desire. Bunuel died July 29, 1983.

Luis Buñuel in Belle de Jour

Belle de Jour

1967 R

Wealthy young newlywed Séverine (Catherine Deneuve) loves her husband (Jean Sorel), but can't bring herself to be intimate with him. So to sate her physical desires, she indulges in erotic daydreams, often blurring the line between reality and fantasy. When that isn't enough, she begins frequenting a classy Parisian brothel, working as a prostitute under an assumed name while remaining celibate within her marriage.

  • Luis Buñuel in The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie
  • Luis Buñuel in The Exterminating Angel The Exterminating Angel
  • Luis Buñuel in Robinson Crusoe Robinson Crusoe
  • Luis Buñuel in Diary of a Chambermaid Diary of a Chambermaid
  • Luis Buñuel in The Milky Way The Milky Way
  • Luis Buñuel in Tristana Tristana
  • Luis Buñuel in The Young One The Young One
  • Luis Buñuel in The Phantom of Liberty The Phantom of Liberty
  • Luis Buñuel in L'Age D'Or L'Age D'Or
  • Luis Buñuel in Gran Casino Gran Casino
  • Luis Buñuel in Susana Susana
  • Luis Buñuel in Death in the Garden Death in the Garden
  • Luis Buñuel in Viridiana Viridiana
  • Luis Buñuel in Simon of the Desert Simon of the Desert