Acting on the stage since he was a boy, Clift first appeared on-screen in The Search (1948) and promptly earned an Oscar nod, followed by two more nominations for A Place in the Sun (1951) and From Here to Eternity (1953). But his sky-rocketing career was compromised with a near-fatal car accident that left him partially disfigured and paralyzed, a tragedy that invited his personal demons to take over.
Clift earned one more Oscar nomination for his performance in Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) before playing a famous psychiatrist in Freud (1962) and starring in his last film, The Defector, in 1966. He died of a heart attack that same year at the age of 45.
This Academy Award-winning film by Stanley Kramer stars Spencer Tracy as American judge Dan Haywood, who's chosen to guide a 1948 tribunal that's trying Germans suspected of engaging in atrocities during World War II. Against the backdrop of the Cold War, Haywood must obtain justice in a case with raised stakes and mixed emotions. Maximilian Schell co-stars in an Oscar-lauded performance as defense counsel for the Nazi prisoners.