Photo of Vivien Leigh Vivien Leigh

Born Vivian Mary Hartley on Nov. 5, 1913, in India, Vivien Leigh attended convent school in England after World War I and became interested in acting after attending a play with her mother. Her early work in British cinema began with The Village Squire (1935) and continued until 1938.

After a legendary casting call, Leigh was selected to play Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind (1939), for which she won her first Best Actress Oscar. Leigh worked sparingly in the 1940s in such films as Anna Karenina (1948) and experienced a career revival with A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), for which she received her second Best Actress Oscar.

After winning a Tony for Best Actress in a Musical for "Tovarich," Leigh took her final film role in Ship of Fools (1965). She struggled with alcoholism and mental illness and was a heavy smoker, which resulted in her death on July 7, 1967, from tuberculosis.

Vivien Leigh in Gone with the Wind

Gone with the Wind

1939 G

Director Victor Fleming's 1939 epic adaption of Margaret Mitchell's novel of the same name stars Vivien Leigh as self-absorbed, headstrong Scarlett O'Hara, a Southern Belle who meets her match in Rhett Butler just as the Civil War breaks out.

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